Check for Problems with Parallel Construction. The school district? When in doubt, put the subject of the sentence first. The “that”-clause structure here, “that his men should part”, is very awkward. (C) the faster the car can race from zero to 60 mph, the less fuel-efficient Let’s start with the phrase directly after the first comma, “if it is approved.” The phrase that comes after a comma often describes a noun in the phrase before the comma. Lastly, Sentence Correction questions are interspersed with Reading Comprehension and Critical Reasoning questions. It is a classic GMAT Sentence Correction mistake to have the common word once outside and once inside, as in “for not only P but also for Q” (choices (A) & (C) have this incorrect construction). It’s all past tense (“delayed’), but then we have “had been able,” which would suggest that the final event came before the other events, and that doesn’t make sense. The answer is (D). “When” is the correct word to use here because we’re describing the year 1970, and that’s time. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.E. This choice is incorrect. Once outside once inside: to both prohibit and to forbid How they are tested: Collective nouns represent entities made up of many … (D) has significant consequences not only for one’s immediate short term health, and also for the immune system’s ability in fighting The second “in” comes later in the sentence with “but in its superior resistance.” (B) is the only choice to get this right, and it’s the answer. Whenever you use these, the parallelism has a clear start at the beginning of the first word. This phrasing makes it sound like there is some cosmic plan that these responses must occur. (E) would lie in not its. You can get access to more Sentence Correction questions and solutions for free here. Realistic Practice. (B) acts like a national defense, so as to block “Leading” and “consolidating” are descriptions, not actions. Next, we have a three-way split in the word following “laws” — “for”/”to”/”that”. Choice (C) correctly has two infinitives, “to part” and “to kill”. “Perennially the world’s leader in tea production, China’s fascination…”, Whatever comes in the dependent clause at the beginning has to depend on the subject of the sentence. One fix would be changing “consolidating” to “consolidated.” These are not rules exactly, but norms for how formal, academic English should be written. (E) Neuroscientists’ ability to pinpoint the exact brain locations in which complex sensory responses occur to a variety of stimuli as would be a logic-based board game or a series of violent images became ever more precisely so. (D) The French infantrymen at the Battle of Agincourt tried to advance but had been delayed by the muddy field, which allowed the English longbowmen to inflict significant damage on them, and the English infantry eventually would eliminate their reduced numbers with ease (E) Raffaello that had governed the work of 15th century artists like Sandro Botticelli. (E) and passed laws that protected. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.B. That makes the sentence incomplete. (B) “keeping up pressure …. Fundamentally, SC is a comparison game. The GMAT hates mystery pronouns. That is the subject that needs to be described as making an oversight. The GMAT Sentence Correction questions are designed to test your proficiency in the English language. (E) refers to “they and the other.” “They” refers to the employees, and there isn’t anyone else, so (E) is referring to nothing. They try to hide the subject-verb agreement error by putting a bunch of modifiers in between the subject and verb, which is why it’s always a good idea to check all nouns and verbs every time you read a sentence ? Answer Choice (A) will repeat the prompt exactly. In (B), the word “which” refers to the phrase “a major oversight.” We know this because when “which” is used, it refers to the subject of the noun phrase that comes right before it. The participle “doubling” is also wrong. The sentence begins with the gerund phrase, “Extracting pure aluminum,” and “Extracting” is the subject. This is incorrect. Learn the Most Misused Words on the GMAT. Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during the 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture to 1950. You’ve found the famous missing verb mistake. The only circumstance where “doubling” could be right is if it were modifying some noun that was performing the action of doubling, and such a noun doesn’t exist in this sentence. (A) if it is approved by the governor, would make there be fewer teachers Internal combustion engines show an inherent tradeoff between power and fuel efficiency: if a car can race from zero to 60 mph faster, the less fuel-efficient its engine is over time. That’s why business schools care about it, which is why the GMAT tests it. Choices (A) and D) both put “lie” after the word “not,” so it appears on the inside, which is wrong. This is incorrect. Sometimes, you may see a few Sentence Corrections in a row, and other times you may see a single Sentence Correction ... of the Official Guides or in official GMAT practice software. Anything that is within the “both X and Y” structure is “inside,” and anything that comes before or after it is “outside.” If a preposition applies to words in both branches of the parallelism, we have two options: Once Outside: to both X and Y This is a full, independent clause on its own, and does not constitute a run-on sentence. This is such an important insight because right away we can eliminate (A), (D), and (E). ? Finally, (E) uses “it” to refer to the action in the previous clause, so it makes that same mistake as (A) and (D). Take a look at Ram’s story (GMAT 730, V41) where he explains how he reduced the time to solve from 3-4 minutes to less than 1.5 minutes. Because of these two splits, the only possible answer is (E). While English speakers do use this word to list examples in casual speech, it’s considered an error on the GMAT. No mistakes. The second split concerns the Inside/Outside rule, which you can read about here: Once Outside or Twice Inside. These two actions need to be in parallel as well. Luckily, the GMAT will never give you more than one summative modifier and build the question out of your picking the correct one. First of all, the GMAT loves the construction “not only X but also Y.” (A) and (B) do this correctly, but (C), (D), and (E) all use the idiom incorrectly. It’s just being described. Option A always repeats the original phrasing, while the other four are different. Not X but Y (D) and passed laws by protecting On to choice (D)! (E) if approved by the governor, would decrease teachers. Not only X but also Y. (C) that it violated state laws allowing Mastering Sentence Correction can go a long way toward getting a great score on the verbal section of the GMAT. (A) using the Hall-Héroult process, where a vast amount of electrical energy separates the element from aluminum oxide, making Choice (A): twice inside = correct The verb “to prohibit” always takes “from” + [gerund]; using the infinitive is 100% incorrect with this verb. (C) “having kept up pressure … he … occupied” = participle + full verb = a failure of parallelism. The logic is clear. You may recognize like vs as, but “act like” and “act as” are particular idioms, so need a little more explanation. As you can see, the hardest SC problems have extremely subtle errors in them. This rule comes into effect when we have correlated conjunctions—that is, a pair of conjunctions that mark the two halves of the parallelism: examples include “both X and Y,” “neither X nor Y,” “not X but Y,” and “not only X but also Y.” When any of these are used, the parallelism has a clear start at the beginning of the first word. GMAT Sentence Correction Rules – Correct Verb Tense. (C) states this correctly. After each comparative, we should have a full [noun] + [verb] clause. This choice also uses ‘like’ to introduce an example, which isn’t allowed on the GMAT. This choice is incorrect. (B) The ability of neuroscientists has become ever more precise in pinpointing the exact locations in the brain where complex sensory responses to a variety of stimuli occur, such as a logic-based board game or a series of violent images Anything that is within the “both X and Y” structure is “inside,” and anything that comes before or after it is “outside.” If a preposition applies to both words, there are two ways we can go: You can read a great summary of SC strategy here: GMAT Sentence Correction Strategies. This may feel familiar to you from other SC questions that have “laundry list parallelism”— fact #1, fact #2, fact #3, and fact #4. Now we’re down to (B) and (E), so what is the difference? Here, it’s describing the plan. This is incorrect. It works well and it’s the only one. Any form of “amounts” is fundamentally ambiguous, and therefore a violation of the style rules. * Links to solutions with expert explanations. Because Choice (A) is the answer, let’s skip it for now and come back to it at the end. First, we have the usual grammar and style mistakes (the missing verb mistake and “like” for a list), but then we have two more subtle mistakes where an error shifts the meaning. Casual English uses “where” the way that (E) does to refer to a thing. If we fixed the other mistakes in choice (E), we could rectify this problem by constructing two separate sentences following this layout: “Getting adequate sleep, a full eight hours every night, is important. In this case, the word “amounting” could refer to microbiome, diseases, or humanity. (E) just puts the three details in a row but doesn’t express the logic. (E) commanding his men to part, creating channels allowing the elephants simply to pass through, and then having them kill. The key to learning GMAT Sentence Correction is pattern recognition. It just makes the sentence more confusing. Question 2: Reporting a 90 percent drop in net income during the second quarter, dragged down by restructuring charges and weak sales, the earnings guidance for the year was withdrawn by Best Buy Co.. Just like with “this,” we can’t use “which” to refer to an action or situation. Experience the GMAT ® before test day with a realistic practice test. Every phrase describes the noun but doesn’t have an action, so the sentences are fragments. Which of these three is the author of this sentence arguing accounts for the oversight? Starfish, with anywhere from five to eight arms, have a strong regenerative ability, and if one arm is lost it quickly replaces it, sometimes by the animal overcompensating and growing an extra one or two. Sentence Correction (SC) questions are found in the 65-minute Verbal section. How does GMAC create harder questions? Furthermore, as with the other verbal question types, it’s important to read critically and use your process of elimination skills. (D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but Our Sentence Correction practice questions are challenging, so take your time. Choice (D): twice inside = correct I was reading an article recently about Harvard linguist Steven Pinker’s new book, The Sense of Style, which aims to help readers improve their use of the English language.I was intrigued, naturally, to find applications for GMAT Sentence Correction where proper diction is one of the eight major areas tested. * 1 Quant and 1 Verbal questions Mon-Fri Now we’re down to (B) and (E). The rest of the sentence is in the present tense, so we can’t switch to present progressive. Sentence Correction questions account for nearly 40% of the total questions asked in the GMAT verbal section. For example, I can say, “New York, where there are many tall buildings…” but I can’t say, “Magoosh, where I get GMAT questions…” because New York is a place and Magoosh is not ? We’ll discuss that in just a moment, but first, let’s talk about exceptions. Another way to think about this is that we need “lie not in” so we can get the first “in” inside and “lie” on the outside. The “both X and Y” structure is a standard parallelism frame. GMAT sentence correction questions mostly comprise of questions to test your verb tenses the basics past, present, and future. If you missed it, don’t worry! Keep reading to see what is tested on GMAT Sentence Correction, practice questions for SC, and tips for success. To help you with your GMAT SC preparation, in this article, we have shared the top 10 most searched Sentence Correction questions and their solutions. 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